Cancer is the second most common cause of death in the Czech Republic after cardiovascular diseases, explaining nearly 27% of all deaths. In 2020, there were around 67,000 new cases of cancer in the Czech Republic and 27,000 deaths. With a median age of 43.3 years, the Czech Republic is among the top 30 oldest societies and as other European nations, is ageing. This signals that the cancer challenge is likely to continue to grow. By 2030, it is estimated that new cases will rise to about 76,000 and deaths to about 32,500.